Category Archive: Thermoset

Thermoset Plastics vs. Thermoplastics

While you may have heard the terms thermoset plastic and thermoplastics used synonymously, they are two different products. Composed of polymer powders, they each react differently when exposed to heat. While thermoset plastics are cured by heat, they can only be formed once and are not suitable for exposure to extremely variable or high temperatures. Engineered thermoplastics, however, remain pliable and can be ground and reformed without changing the chemical composition.

The Basics

Thermosets are a popular alternative to metal. Often they are comparable in strength and rigidity, but have greater corrosion resistance with less weight than metal. Thermoset plastics are not only heat-resistant, creep resistant, and ideal for tight tolerances, but they also have higher impact resistance and durability than thermoplastics. They can be less expensive to source and form than either metal or engineered thermoplastics, and the fact that they do not require finishing makes them even more cost and time-efficient. 

MCM works with most types of thermoset plastics, such as:

  • Carbon fiber epoxy resin 
  • Phenolics 
  • BMC (bulk molded compounds) 
  • Fluoropolymers, 
  • Melamine  
  • Urea-formaldehyde

Thermoplastics include Polyethylene, Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS), Polymide (Nylon), Polycarbonate, Polypropylene, and High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS).

Their Differences

While thermoplastics are more suited to some applications like plastic bags, plastic films,  clothing, carpeting, and flexible packaging, there are some distinct advantages to choosing thermosets over thermoplastics.

Cost

Thermosets can be less expensive to procure and fabricate than either metals or thermoplastics and do not require finishing. Using a single mold, they can be formed into complex geometries or multi-part components, providing economies in production time and cost. Injection molding of thermosets requires less heat and pressure than thermoplastics, making them more cost-efficient to produce.

Quality/Stability

Unlike thermoplastics, thermoset plastics are heat stable, retaining their shape and chemical composition when reheated. Thermosets also have an exceptional strength-to-weight ratio, temperature resistance, corrosion resistance, and UV stability. 

Physical Properties

Resistance to high heat, petrochemicals, fire, and corrosion make thermosets extremely versatile. They exhibit low creep and exceptional dimension retention, strength, rigidity, and low fluid absorption, as well as antimicrobial qualities. Thermosets also possess excellent electrical and sound insulating qualities. 

Surface Finish

The efficient process used for forming thermosets produces high-gloss surfaces without additional finishing or coating. The resulting finish is also much harder than that of thermoplastics. 

Manufacturability

Thermosets can be formed into any geometry using a variety of molding processes such as injection molding, and compression molding. Highly complex shapes and multi-part components are easily created from thermoset plastics. 

Their Applications

Both thermoset plastics and thermoplastics can be easily formed, making them attractive alternatives to metals in a variety of sectors and industries. The aerospace and automotive industries, as well as the energy sector, including oil, gas, and solar, have seen huge benefits by leveraging the exceptional versatility of thermosets and thermoplastics. Electrical components, durable manufactured goods, and heavy-duty construction equipment manufacturers routinely use thermosets and thermoplastics. While thermoplastics are highly flexible and recyclable, thermosets will be preferred in applications requiring strength at temperatures up to 500° F.

Applications that make extensive use of thermoset plastics include but aren’t limited to:

  • Aerospace components
  • Appliance parts
  • Arc shielding
  • Connector housings
  • Electrical and electromechanical components
  • Food grade parts & food and beverage processing equipment
  • Marine applications
  • Medical devices and equipment
  • Outdoor furniture
  • Outdoor lighting
  • Parts that require insert molding
  • Public transportation seating

Thermoset Plastics From MCM Composites

MCM Composites, LLC is an industry leader in thermoset plastic molding, including injection molding and compression molding. We also offer secondary services for injection molded parts such as tapping, drilling, coating, and multi-piece assembly. Our experienced team works with both customers and suppliers to determine the ideal material for the specific application.

MCM Composites produces over 1,000 different parts for customers throughout the United States, Canada, China, Mexico, and the Caribbean in our ISO 9001:2015 certified mold shop. We are committed to providing the highest quality thermoset plastic components in strict conformance with our customers’ specifications. For more information about our capabilities, contact us today or request a quote